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How To Generate an HTML Test Report

The Problem

In order to make your tests relevant you need to be able to know when there's a failure and what caused it. You can easily take screenshots on failure and prepare your tests for Continuous Integration. But how do you weave these together into a human readable format that can help you and your team diagnose test failures quickly?

The general approach is to create an HTML report with test results and failure screenshots intertwined. But this is easier said than done since there is no proven standard -- leaving you to code your own approach based on the test framework you're using.

A Solution

By leveraging a language agnostic open-source library like the Allure Framework you can easily generate a robust, human-readable HTML report from each of your test runs.

A brief primer on Allure

What is the Allure Framework? The project page says it best.

Allure Framework is a flexible, lightweight multi-language framework for writing self-documenting tests, with the ability to store attachments, such as screenshots, logs and so on.

It has adaptors for testing frameworks across numerous programming languages. You can see a full list here.

It works in two-steps; first gathering test results information (storing it in an XML file) and then using that information (along with screenshots) to generate the HTML report. You can see an example HTML report of theirs here.

Let's dig in with an example of how to use it.

An Example

For this example we'll be using RSpec (a popular Ruby testing framework) and the Allure RSpec adaptor.

# filename: reporting_spec.rb

require 'selenium-webdriver'
require 'allure-rspec'
require 'uuid'

RSpec.configure do |config|
  config.include AllureRSpec::Adaptor

  config.before(:each) do
    @driver = Selenium::WebDriver.for :firefox

  config.after(:each) do |example|
    if example.exception
          File.join(Dir.pwd, "results/#{}.png"))))


AllureRSpec.configure do |config|
  config.output_dir = 'results'
  config.clean_dir = true # this is the default value

After including our requisite libraries (e.g., selenium-webdriver to control the browser, rspec-allure to generate the HTML report, and uuid to give each screenshot a unique name) we configure RSpec and Allure.

In the RSpec.configure block we configure Selenium to create a browser instance before each test and destroy it after each test. After each test we're also checking to see if a test failure has occurred (e.g., if example.exception). If so then we capture a screenshot with Selenium's .save_screenshot method and attach it to the example (e.g., example.attach_file(). This is an Allure method which will include the screenshot in the XML output, and ultimately, the final HTML report.

In our AllureRSpec.configure block we are specifying a folder where the test result files will get generated . This is for ease of organization. There is a default path that Allure will use if one is not specified (e.g., gen/allure-results).

Now we can create our tests. Let's make one that passes and another that fails so we can see what the report looks like.

# filename: reporting_spec.rb

# ...

describe "Reporting" do
  it 'passes' do
    @driver.get ''
    expect(true).to eql true

  it 'fails' do
    @driver.get ''
    expect(true).to eql false

When we save this file and run it from the command line (e.g., rspec reporting_spec.rb) it will output screenshots and XML files to a results folder in the present working directory.

Now we're ready to download the Allure Command Line Tool and use it to turn the test output into an HTML report. After running the tool we will see an output directory which with contain the final HTML report.

java -jar /path/to/allure-cli.jar ./results

You can see an example HTML report from this example here.

Expected Behavior

  • Tests run
  • Screenshots for each failure and resulting XML are generated and stored in the results directory
  • Allure Command Line Tool creates an HTML report in the output directory


Happy Testing!

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