How to Right-click
Sometimes you'll run into an app that has functionality hidden behind a right-click menu (a.k.a. a context menu). These menus tend to be system level menus that are untouchable by Selenium. So how do you test this functionality?
We can then select an option from the menu by traversing it with keyboard arrow keys (which we can issue with the Action Builder's
send_keys command). For a full write-up on working with keyboard keys in Selenium, see tip 61.
Let's continue with an example.
Let's start by pulling in the necessary libraries (
selenium-webdriver to control the browser and
RSpec::Matchers to perform an assertion) and wiring up some simple
# filename: right_click.rb
@driver = Selenium::WebDriver.for :firefox
Now we're ready to write our test.
You selected a context menu. We'll grab this text and use it to assert that the menu was actually triggered.
menu_area = @driver.find_element id: 'hot-spot'
alert = @driver.switch_to.alert
expect(alert.text).to eq('You selected a context menu')
If we save this file and run it (e.g.,
ruby right_click.rb) from the command-line) here is what will happen:
- Open the browser and visit the page
- Find and right-click the area which will render a custom context menu
- Select the context menu option with keyboard keys
- Assert that the text from the alert is what we expect
To learn more about context menus, you can read this write-up from the Tree House blog.
About The Author
Dave Haeffner is the original writer of Elemental Selenium -- a free, once weekly Selenium tip newsletter that's read by thousands of testing professionals. He also created and maintains the-internet (an open-source web app that's perfect for writing automated tests against).
Dave has helped numerous companies successfully implement automated acceptance testing; including The Motley Fool, ManTech International, Sittercity, and Animoto. He is also an active member of the Selenium project and has spoken at numerous conferences and meetups around the world about automated acceptance testing.