How To Right Click

The Problem

Sometimes you'll run into an app that has functionality hidden behind a right-click menu (a.k.a. a context menu). These menus tend to be system level menus that are untouchable by Selenium. So how do you test this functionality?

A Solution

By leveraging Selenium's Action Builder we can issue a right-click command (a.k.a. a context_click).

We can then select an option from the menu by traversing it with keyboard arrow keys (which we can issue with the Action Builder's send_keys command). For a full write-up on working with keyboard keys in Selenium, see tip 61.

Let's dig in with an example.

An Example

Let's start by pulling in the necessary libraries (selenium-webdriver to control the browser and rspec/expectations & RSpec::Matchers to perform an assertion) and wiring up some simple setup, teardown, and run methods.

# filename: right_click.rb

require 'selenium-webdriver'
require 'rspec-expectations'
include RSpec::Matchers

def setup
  @driver = Selenium::WebDriver.for :firefox

def teardown

def run

Now we're ready to write our test.

Let's use an example from the-internet that will render a custom context menu when we right-click on a specific area of the page (link). Clicking the context menu will trigger a JavaScript alert which will say You selected a context menu. We'll grab this text and use it to assert that the menu was actually triggered.

run do
  @driver.get 'http://the-internet.herokuapp.com/context_menu'
  menu_area = @driver.find_element id: 'hot-spot'
  alert = @driver.switch_to.alert
  expect(alert.text).to eq('You selected a context menu')

Expected Behavior

If we save this file and run it (e.g., ruby right_click.rb) from the command-line) here is what will happen:

  • Open the browser and visit the page
  • Find and right-click the area which will render a custom context menu
  • Select the context menu option with keyboard keys
  • JavaScript alert appears
  • Grab the text of the JavaScript alert
  • Assert that the text from the alert is what we expect


To learn more about context menus, you can read this write-up from the Tree House blog. And for more thorough examples on working with keyboard keys and JavaScript alerts in your Selenium tests, check out tips 61 and 51.

Happy Testing!

Back to the archives